Frederic Edwin Church (May 4, 1826—April 7, 1900)


Church was the most celebrated painter of landscapes in the United States in the 1860s.  An heir to the naturalistic, romantic style of his teacher, Thomas Cole, Church portrayed the natural wonders of the Americas—Niagara Falls, Icebergs and volcanoes—in huge, minutely detailed panoramic oil paintings.  Beginning in the 1860s, Church and his wife, Isabel Carnes, began creating Olana, their country estate in Hudson, New York, 250 acres of designed landscape capped with a spectacular Italianate villa, in an eclectic style combining Moorish and Persian features.